What is PR in Canada?

What is PR in Canada?

Permanent residency (PR) in Canada is a status that allows someone who is not a Canadian citizen to live and work in the country indefinitely. A foreign national must apply to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), formerly Citizenship and Immigration Canada, under one of several programmes to become a permanent resident. A primary benefit of permanent residency and the conferred right of abode in Canada is the ability to apply for Canadian citizenship after a certain period of permanent residency.

What is PR in Canada and Advantages?

A Permanent Resident has many of the same rights and responsibilities as a Canadian citizen, including the right to live, work (with some restrictions), and study in any Canadian province or territory. Permanent residents are entitled to many of the same social benefits as Canadian citizens, including membership in the Canada Pension Plan and coverage under their province or territory’s universal health care system. All Permanent Residents have access to the rights, freedoms, and protections guaranteed by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, except those reserved for citizens.

After a certain time in Canada, Permanent Residents may apply for Canadian citizenship. A person must have been a Permanent Resident in Canada for three years (1095 days) out of the five years preceding their application (with up to one year of the time before becoming a permanent resident included). They also have the right to sponsor relatives for permanent residence, subject to meeting residence criteria and providing proof of support.

What is PR visa process in Canada?

The permanent resident visa in Canada allows the holder to live, work, or study in the country for five years. To fulfil their residency obligations, a person must reside in the country for 730 days. If a person stays in the country for 730 days, they can renew their PR visa for another 5 years. These 730 days do not have to be consecutive. A person can apply for Canadian citizenship after living in the country for three years or more.

As previously stated, Indians constitute the vast majority of immigrants to Canada. Canada has several major immigration programmes to help these aspirants apply for a Canada PR Visa.

Program of Express Entry

The Express Entry programme, which was launched in January 2015, is the quickest and most popular immigration route to a Canada PR visa. It is Canada’s primary source of skilled immigration and manages the profiles of immigrants who have applied for permanent residency in Canada through three economic immigration programmes:

Program for Federal Skilled Workers (FSWP)

Federal Skilled Trades Training Program (FSTP)

Class for Canadian Experience (CEC)

To be eligible for the Express Entry programme, candidates must score a minimum of 67 points out of a possible 100 on the FSWP point assessment grid. The following criteria determine these points:

Age: Candidates between 18 and 35 are given a maximum of 12 points. After 35, you begin to lose one point per year.

Education: If you have a doctorate or a master’s degree, you can earn 25 points.

Work Experience: A maximum of 15 points are awarded in this category, and you must have at least one year of experience in a skilled occupation classified as Canada National Occupation Classification (NOC) skill type-level A, O, or B to be eligible for a PR Visa.

Language Proficiency: If you score 6 on each band of the IELTS exam, you will receive the minimum number of PR Visa points. You also get bonus points for knowing French.

Arranged Employment: You will receive 10 points if you can obtain pre-arranged employment in Canada.

Adaptability: A maximum of 10 points are awarded if your spouse participates in the application.

If you are qualified to score 67 points, you can begin your ECA and IELTS preparation to submit your application through the express entry programme. If you meet the CRS cut-offs, you will be issued an ITA to submit your application for a Canada PR Visa via direct invitation.

What documents are needed to apply for a Canada PR Visa?

Applicants must submit the correct and valid documents required to apply for a Canada PR Visa to complete the application process on time. The following documents are required to apply for a Canada PR Visa:

  • The ECA (Education Credential Assessment)

  • IELTS Score Report

  • Passports and other travel documents

  • Certificates of Medical and Police Clearance

  • Letter of Work Experience (Reference letters)

  • Other (If applicable)

PR in Canada for Citizenship

Permanent residents of Canada can become Canadian citizens if they have been permanent residents of Canada for at least three of the last five years. Find out more about the eligibility requirements.

A Pathway to PR in Canada for Citizenship

A Canadian citizenship application must meet certain eligibility requirements.

  • A candidate must have been a permanent resident of Canada for at least three of the last five years.

  • Second, a permanent resident of Canada should not have spent more than 730 days outside of Canada in the previous five years.

  • A permanent resident must also take a Canadian citizenship test and meet language requirements and tax obligations before applying for Canadian citizenship.

Requirements for PR in Canada for Citizenship

The following are the main conditions:

Status of Permanent Residency

If you want to become a Canadian citizen, regardless of your age, you must have the following documents when you apply for Canadian citizenship:

Permanent Residency in Canada

There are no outstanding requirements associated with your PR status.

Your PR status must not be in doubt at the time you apply. This means you cannot be under investigation for fraud or immigration reasons, have unfulfilled conditions related to your PR status, or be subject to a removal order.

You can apply for citizenship even if your PR card has expired. You may be able to apply through a fast-track process if you have served in or with the Canadian Armed Forces.

Time Spent as a Permanent Resident in Canada

You must have physically resided in Canada for at least 1095 days in the five years preceding the date you sign your citizenship application. This requirement applies to all candidates, regardless of age.

You might be able to use some of the time you spent in Canada as a temporary resident or as a protected person. Each day spent physically under these statuses before becoming a Canadian permanent resident within the last 5 years counts as one-half day, up to 365 days.

Legal authorization to enter or remain in Canada as a temporary resident permit holder, student, visitor, or worker is included in temporary resident status.

These requirements do not apply to children under 18 whose parent or guardian has applied for citizenship on their behalf.

Maintaining a record of all your trips outside of Canada will assist in estimating your physical presence and meeting Canada’s immigration requirements. A travel journal, which you can download here, may be useful.

Income Tax Returns

Meeting your personal income tax filing obligations is also part of the Canada immigration requirements. As a result, regardless of your age, you must meet your personal income tax filing obligations in three tax years that fall partially or entirely within the five years preceding your citizenship application.

Language Abilities

Canada has two official languages: English and French. To obtain citizenship, you must demonstrate your ability to listen, speak, and write in one of these languages. This means you can do the following:

  • Participate in short, common conversations about everyday topics.

  • Simple directions, questions, and instructions must be understood.

  • Use fundamental grammar, such as simple tenses and structures.

  • Show that you understand enough general phrases and words to express yourself and respond to questions.

If you are between 18 and 54, you must include proof of your English or French proficiency. If you are under 18, you do not have to meet the language requirement. You must meet or exceed the Canadian Language Benchmarks Level 4 (CLB 4) in speaking and listening.

What Do You Know About Canada?

To become a Canadian citizen, you must pass a knowledge requirement test. You will be asked questions about Canada’s:

  • Symbols.

  • History.

  • Values.

  • Institutions.

  • Citizenship responsibilities, rights, and privileges (like obeying the law and voting in elections).

The Discover Canada study guide, which can be found here, will help you prepare for the tests.


If you have committed a crime in or outside of Canada, you may be barred from becoming a Canadian citizen. This includes situations in which you:

  • Are incarcerated, on probation, or parole (this does not count as time spent in Canada).

  • They are incarcerated outside of Canada.

  • Have been convicted of an offence outside Canada or an indictable offence in Canada within the four years before applying for citizenship.

  • Are charged with, on trial for, or involved in an appeal for an offence committed outside of Canada or an indictable offence committed within Canada.

How to apply for PR in Canada?

The following is a step-by-step procedure for applying for permanent residency in Canada:

  • Complete your education credentials evaluation (ECA)

  • Obtain the necessary IELTS score.

  • Create an Express Entry profile and submit your application to the online pool.

  • Sign up for the Job Bank (optional).

  • Fill out an application for the Provincial Nomination Program. (optional).

  • Receive your Application Invitation (ITA)

  • Canada citizenship and immigration will conduct the necessary medical and criminal background checks (CIC)

  • Receive your PR status confirmation.

  • Finally, have your passport stamped with a visa.

Consult with IRA Immigration consultants to get PR in Canada

Understanding the exact procedure for obtaining a Canada PR Visa from India is critical. If your application is denied, you will have to repeat the difficult process.

As a result, it is preferable to seek expert advice.

You must seek advice from IRA immigration if you intend to immigrate to Canada from India.

What distinguishes IRA Immigration from other immigration consultants?

  • They have one of the best teams of immigration consultants who are familiar with all of the procedures.

  • They have assisted several candidates in obtaining a Canada visa.

  • They make certain that the candidate is assisted throughout the procedure.

  • They provide valuable input for all online and offline activities associated with the visa process.

  • They will first analyze your profile and then provide you with advice.

  • They will also inform you clearly about your chances of being chosen.

Free Immigration Assessment

Find out your options for visa by completing a free online assessment.